Relative Clauses

RELATIVE CLAUSE yaitu Clause (anak kalimat) yang digunakan/berfungsi sebagai adjective yang menerangkan keadaan noun atau pronoun.
Contoh:

• I have read the book (that) you just mentioned.Main Clause: I have read the book.
Subordinate Clause: (that) you just mentioned.

Anak kalimat menerangkan kata benda the book, disebut dengan Adjective Clause

• The lesson (that) she is learning is very difficult.Main Clause: The lesson is very difficult.
Subordinate Clause: (that) she is learning.

Berdasarkan pada the Antecedent yang ditunjuk oleh introductory words (kata-kata pendahulunya), Adjective Clause dapat diklasifikasikan menjadi 2 macam, yaitu:

1. Relative Pronoun
• Kata Ganti Orang
Kata Penghubung yang digunakan adalah : Who, Whom, Whose, That
Fungsi :

a. Subjek:
– He paid the money to the man who / that had done the work

b. Objek Kata Kerja:
– He paid the man whom/that he had hired.

c. Objek Kata Depan:
– He paid the man from whom he had borrowed the money.

d. Kata Ganti Kepunyaan:
– This is the girl whose picture you saw.

• Benda, BinatangKata Penghubung yang digunakan adalah: Which, thatFungsi:a. Subjek:
– Here is a book which/that describes animals.

b. Objek Kata Kerja:
– The chair which/that he broke is being repaired.

c. Objek Kata Depan:
– She was wearing the coat for which she had paid $2,00.

2. Relative Adverbs

• Waktu Kata Penghubung yang digunakan: when- This is the year when the Olympic Games are held.

• Tempat Kata Penghubung yang digunakan: where- Here is the house where I live.

• Alasan Kata Penghubung yang digunakan: when- Give me one good reason why you did that.

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